{
"Aare from Lake Biel": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "BE",
"Elevation [m]": 428.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 8248.45,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 1142.4,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.029,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 243.0,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 105.0,
"Mean temperature [°C]": 11.6
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1935 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 192.0,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 199.0,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 210.0,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 259.0,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 311.0,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 341.0,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 316.0,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 275.0,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 227.0,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 196.0,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 197.0,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 196.0
},
"Temperature regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1970 - 2014",
"Mean temperature in January [°C]": 5.1,
"Mean temperature in February [°C]": 4.5,
"Mean temperature in March [°C]": 5.5,
"Mean temperature in April [°C]": 8.1,
"Mean temperature in May [°C]": 12.3,
"Mean temperature in June [°C]": 16.0,
"Mean temperature in July [°C]": 18.6,
"Mean temperature in August [°C]": 19.5,
"Mean temperature in September [°C]": 17.5,
"Mean temperature in October [°C]": 14.3,
"Mean temperature in November [°C]": 10.3,
"Mean temperature in December [°C]": 7.1
},
"Station X [m]": 588220.0,
"Station Y [m]": 219020.0,
"Station": "Aare - Brügg, Aegerten"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.57,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.31,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 1.1,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 0.53,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 78600000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 17700000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 21200000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 14100000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 0.051,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.009,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.009,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.009,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.59,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 0.8,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.61
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Biel",
"Population": 53667.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 0.445449517
},
"River": "Aare",
"Lake": "Lake Biel"
},
"Aare from Lake Thun": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "BE",
"Elevation [m]": 548.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 2459.26,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 1746.7,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.095,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 111.0,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 36.0,
"Mean temperature [°C]": 10.8
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1935 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 51.2,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 50.3,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 56.9,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 95.3,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 165.0,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 207.0,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 201.0,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 179.0,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 122.0,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 78.1,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 65.8,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 56.0
},
"Temperature regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1971 - 2014",
"Mean temperature in January [°C]": 5.7,
"Mean temperature in February [°C]": 5.3,
"Mean temperature in March [°C]": 5.9,
"Mean temperature in April [°C]": 7.5,
"Mean temperature in May [°C]": 10.9,
"Mean temperature in June [°C]": 14.0,
"Mean temperature in July [°C]": 16.4,
"Mean temperature in August [°C]": 17.2,
"Mean temperature in September [°C]": 15.6,
"Mean temperature in October [°C]": 13.2,
"Mean temperature in November [°C]": 10.0,
"Mean temperature in December [°C]": 7.2
},
"Station X [m]": 613230.0,
"Station Y [m]": 179280.0,
"Station": "Aare - Thun"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.38,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.42,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 2.0,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 0.71,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 95900000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 23900000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 44300000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 20100000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 0.231,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.029,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.029,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.029,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.52,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 1.0,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.47
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Thun",
"Population": 43303.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 0.316133552
},
"River": "Aare",
"Lake": "Lake Thun"
},
"Aare from Lake Brienz": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "BE",
"Elevation [m]": 564.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 1137.55,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 1951.6,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.16,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 61.8,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 18.9,
"Mean temperature [°C]": 9.7
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1980 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 25.5,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 24.6,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 27.7,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 44.3,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 83.0,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 113.0,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 123.0,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 116.0,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 75.2,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 46.3,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 32.8,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 27.8
},
"Temperature regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1980 - 2014",
"Mean temperature in January [°C]": 5.7,
"Mean temperature in February [°C]": 5.3,
"Mean temperature in March [°C]": 5.7,
"Mean temperature in April [°C]": 7.2,
"Mean temperature in May [°C]": 10.3,
"Mean temperature in June [°C]": 12.6,
"Mean temperature in July [°C]": 14.1,
"Mean temperature in August [°C]": 14.2,
"Mean temperature in September [°C]": 13.5,
"Mean temperature in October [°C]": 11.7,
"Mean temperature in November [°C]": 9.1,
"Mean temperature in December [°C]": 7.0
},
"Station X [m]": 633730.0,
"Station Y [m]": 171510.0,
"Station": "Aare - Ringgenberg, Goldswil"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.2,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.21,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 1.1,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 0.36,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 59600000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 12800000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 29000000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 12700000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 0.291,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.031,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.031,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.031,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.43,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 1.1,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.48
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Interlaken",
"Population": 5683.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 0.041224482
},
"River": "Aare",
"Lake": "Lake Brienz"
},
"Limmat from Lower Lake Zurich": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "ZH",
"Elevation [m]": 400.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 2173.93,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 1194.2,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.012,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 95.6,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 41.4
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1938 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 67.5,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 72.3,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 76.1,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 93.7,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 125.0,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 148.0,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 134.0,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 112.0,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 94.7,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 75.8,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 74.4,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 72.9
},
"Temperature regime": {},
"Station X [m]": 682055.0,
"Station Y [m]": 249430.0,
"Station": "Limmat - Zürich, Unterhard"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.85,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.51,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 3.0,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 1.4,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 133000000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 34300000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 45800000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 28500000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 0.238,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.044,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.044,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.044,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.58,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 0.86,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.56
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Zürich",
"Population": 391359.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 3.318137282
},
"River": "Limmat",
"Lake": "Lower Lake Zurich"
},
"Lorze from Lake Zug": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "ZG, ZH",
"Elevation [m]": 390.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 261.72,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 678.7,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.0,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 7.4,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 3.22
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1935 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 6.18,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 6.35,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 6.72,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 7.93,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 8.3,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 8.89,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 8.79,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 8.46,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 7.81,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 6.77,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 6.27,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 6.31
},
"Temperature regime": {},
"Station X [m]": 674715.0,
"Station Y [m]": 229845.0,
"Station": "Lorze - Frauenthal"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.13,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.43,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 1.7,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 0.76,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 49500000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 22500000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 25600000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 20400000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 1.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.372,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.372,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.372,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.63,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 0.75,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.62
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Cham",
"Population": 15523.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 0.13028842
},
"River": "Lorze",
"Lake": "Lake Zug"
},
"Reuss from Lake Lucerne: Kreuztrichter and Vitznauerbecken": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "LU",
"Elevation [m]": 432.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 2253.96,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 1504.2,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.042,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 110.0,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 31.5,
"Mean temperature [°C]": 11.7
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1935 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 46.3,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 51.2,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 62.5,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 96.2,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 158.0,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 212.0,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 204.0,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 162.0,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 118.0,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 82.2,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 66.2,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 53.3
},
"Temperature regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1973 - 2014",
"Mean temperature in January [°C]": 5.4,
"Mean temperature in February [°C]": 5.1,
"Mean temperature in March [°C]": 6.1,
"Mean temperature in April [°C]": 8.5,
"Mean temperature in May [°C]": 12.4,
"Mean temperature in June [°C]": 16.1,
"Mean temperature in July [°C]": 18.7,
"Mean temperature in August [°C]": 19.7,
"Mean temperature in September [°C]": 17.1,
"Mean temperature in October [°C]": 13.7,
"Mean temperature in November [°C]": 9.8,
"Mean temperature in December [°C]": 6.9
},
"Station X [m]": 665330.0,
"Station Y [m]": 211800.0,
"Station": "Reuss - Luzern, Geissmattbrücke"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.57,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.65,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 3.0,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 0.97,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 118000000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 28900000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 52800000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 24300000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 0.297,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.035,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.035,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.035,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.52,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 1.0,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.47
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Lucerne",
"Population": 81057.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 0.669652406
},
"River": "Reuss",
"Lake": "Lake Lucerne: Kreuztrichter and Vitznauerbecken"
},
"Rhône from Lake Geneva": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "GE",
"Elevation [m]": 336.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 10307.44,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 1421.8,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.084,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 339.0,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 136.0,
"Mean temperature [°C]": 11.5
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1935 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 261.0,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 284.0,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 288.0,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 302.0,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 364.0,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 500.0,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 517.0,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 442.0,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 337.0,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 260.0,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 257.0,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 253.0
},
"Temperature regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1972 - 2014",
"Mean temperature in January [°C]": 5.6,
"Mean temperature in February [°C]": 5.5,
"Mean temperature in March [°C]": 6.8,
"Mean temperature in April [°C]": 9.2,
"Mean temperature in May [°C]": 11.8,
"Mean temperature in June [°C]": 15.1,
"Mean temperature in July [°C]": 17.8,
"Mean temperature in August [°C]": 18.7,
"Mean temperature in September [°C]": 16.7,
"Mean temperature in October [°C]": 13.4,
"Mean temperature in November [°C]": 9.6,
"Mean temperature in December [°C]": 6.9
},
"Station X [m]": 486600.0,
"Station Y [m]": 112340.0,
"Station": "Rhône - Chancy, Aux Ripes"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 3.7,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 5.7,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 24.0,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 9.8,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 1160000000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 314000000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 481000000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 281000000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 0.555,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.125,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.125,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.125,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.56,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 0.9,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.54
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Geneva",
"Population": 194565.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 1.70088723
},
"River": "Rhône",
"Lake": "Lake Geneva"
},
"Sarner Aa from Lake Sarnen": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "OW",
"Elevation [m]": 469.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 269.29,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 1281.3,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.0,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 10.1,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 4.11
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1934 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 8.4,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 9.2,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 9.61,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 9.85,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 11.9,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 14.2,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 13.2,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 11.0,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 9.09,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 7.7,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 8.47,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 8.33
},
"Temperature regime": {},
"Station X [m]": 661460.0,
"Station Y [m]": 194220.0,
"Station": "Sarner Aa - Sarnen"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.0028,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.039,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 0.24,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 0.11,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 14300000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 4010000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 4910000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 3230000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 0.21,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.049,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.049,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.049,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.63,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 0.82,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.55
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Sarnen",
"Population": 10232.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 0.081756238
},
"River": "Sarner Aa",
"Lake": "Lake Sarnen"
},
"Suhre from Lake Sempach": {
"Properties": {
"Canton(s)": "LU, AG",
"Elevation [m]": 504.0,
"Catchment area [km2]": 75.64,
"Average elevation of catchment [m]": 583.2,
"Glacial fraction of catchment [-]": 0.0,
"Mean flowrate [m3/s]": 1.29,
"Mean low flowrate (Q347) [m3/s]": 0.42
},
"Observations": {
"Flow regime": {
"Timespan of observations": "1976 - 2014",
"Mean flowrate in January [m3/s]": 1.3,
"Mean flowrate in February [m3/s]": 1.31,
"Mean flowrate in March [m3/s]": 1.4,
"Mean flowrate in April [m3/s]": 1.48,
"Mean flowrate in May [m3/s]": 1.49,
"Mean flowrate in June [m3/s]": 1.61,
"Mean flowrate in July [m3/s]": 1.44,
"Mean flowrate in August [m3/s]": 1.25,
"Mean flowrate in September [m3/s]": 1.04,
"Mean flowrate in October [m3/s]": 0.97,
"Mean flowrate in November [m3/s]": 1.01,
"Mean flowrate in December [m3/s]": 1.13
},
"Temperature regime": {},
"Station X [m]": 651320.0,
"Station Y [m]": 223140.0,
"Station": "Suhre - Oberkirch"
},
"Potential for heat disposal": {
"Heat disposal winter [PJ]": 0.019,
"Heat disposal spring [PJ]": 0.18,
"Heat disposal summer [PJ]": 0.64,
"Heat disposal fall [PJ]": 0.3,
"Used volume winter [m3]": 9840000.0,
"Used volume spring [m3]": 9590000.0,
"Used volume summer [m3]": 9440000.0,
"Used volume fall [m3]": 6630000.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged winter [-]": 1.0,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged spring [-]": 0.835,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged summer [-]": 0.835,
"Fraction of flowrate discharged fall [-]": 0.835,
"Thermocline displacement spring [m]": 0.72,
"Thermocline displacement summer [m]": 0.73,
"Thermocline displacement fall [m]": 0.56
},
"Regional demand": {
"City": "Sursee",
"Population": 9390.0,
"Cooling demand [PJ]": 0.07248141
},
"River": "Suhre",
"Lake": "Lake Sempach"
}
}